The Accuracy in CNC Machining

Accuracy is key in CNC machining, and Industry 4.0 has taken this rigor to new levels. From the manufacturing of industrial parts to the engineering of key components, CNC technology has revolutionized the way precision is achieved. Exploring how CNC technology is transforming the petrochemical industry towards efficiency and quality is essential to understanding its impact on modern manufacturing.

In this article, we thoroughly explore the significance of accuracy at every stage of the process. From meticulous programming to millimetric execution, we highlight how CNC technology redefines manufacturing standards. With a meticulous focus on every detail, we unveil how precision is not only a requirement but a philosophy driving innovation in the industry. We invite you to join us in this research process, where meticulousness and excellence intertwine to forge the foundations of the future in the realm of CNC machining.

What is accuracy in CNC machining

Precision, vital in any engineering development, refers to the difference between the actual measurement and the measurement of your system. If the difference between the two is extremely small, the accuracy of that measurement is said to be high. It is also known as the degree of conformity.

In addition, this term defines the reliability of a machine tool. Basically, precision is a measure that defines the ability of a measurement system to return the same measurement over and over again. In addition to this, it is very important that a measurement system is accurate and accurate.

In the world of CNC machining, precision is a critical factor in ensuring component quality and performance. A particularly relevant aspect is the manufacture of fittings used in the oil gas sector. These fittings play a crucial role in preventing leaks and improving the tightness of piping systems. Precision in CNC machining becomes even more crucial when considering the tolerances and specifications required to ensure perfect fit and effective sealing. The ability to achieve accurate dimensions and high quality finishes in fittings through CNC machining is essential to prevent leaks and ensure safety in the oil gas sector. For more information on how to prevent leaks and improve tightness thanks to fittings in the oil gas sector we invite you to read our article on “How to avoid leaks and improve tightness thanks to fittings in the oil gas sector“.

Precision machining is a process that removes excess raw material from a workpiece, while maintaining critical tolerance finishes, to create a finished product. Simply put, it means molding large pieces of material into more precise parts, so they can meet very exact specifications. This process involves cutting, milling, turning (cutting processes by chip removal), and is usually performed using computer numerical control (CNC) equipment.

The machining industry today produces a large number of large and small objects that we use in everyday life.. From automotive production to surgical devices and aircraft parts, precision machining is present in all technologies, engineering and industries such as the petrochemical industry.

The importance of oil refining and its relation to welding and machining of industrial pumps and valves is essential to ensure the correct operation of the machines. In this process, it is essential to have high quality components, such as valves, that control the flow of liquids and gases in machines. If a valve does not work properly, it can affect machining accuracy and put the quality of the final product at risk. Therefore, it is essential that CNC machining manufacturers carefully select the right industrial valves and perform rigorous testing to make sure they are working properly. In this sense, the quality of oil refining is key for the production of high quality components in the machining industry.

Another critical component in the CNC machining process is the pump, which supplies the coolant to the cutting tool to prevent overheating and ensure machining accuracy. Choosing the right pump can significantly improve the efficiency of the machining process, reduce production time and improve the quality of the final product. It is important to select a pump that has the ability to supply the right amount of coolant, with the right pressure and flow rate, to avoid failures and ensure machining accuracy. In short, both valves and pumps are key components in CNC machining, and it is crucial to carefully select the right components to ensure the success of the machining process.

In the CNC machining process, precision is an indispensable quality, especially in the manufacturing of industrial pumps and valves. These essential components require not only exact dimensions but also impeccable structural integrity to ensure their optimal performance in demanding industrial applications. This is where TIG welding comes into play, a cutting-edge technique in metal joining that offers exceptional precision and unsurpassed quality. TIG welding ensures the structural integrity and tightness of industrial pumps and valves, providing a reliable and high-quality solution for manufacturing these critical components in industrial systems.

Moreover, precision machining requires the ability to follow extremely specific drawings made by computer-aided design (CAD) or computer-aided manufacturing (CAM). This CNC (Computer Numerical Control) machining technology creates 3D diagrams or contours needed to produce a machine, object or tool. Plans must be created in great detail to ensure quality and success.

CNC (Computerized Numerical Control) machine operators work with a variety of materials such as bronze, glass, graphite, plastics, steel and other metals. Depending on the size of the project and the materials involved, several quality control tools such as the measuring arm and different IMEs (Measuring and Testing Instruments) will be used, collected in the corresponding Metrology Room. In addition, sometimes it will be necessary the 3D Mapping (3D mapping software that allows you to create, analyze, visualize and share measurements with third parties). 

Factors that take part in the machining precision

Physical factors

The influence of physical factors in the processing of parts is mainly manifested in two aspects:

On the processing side

Geometric accuracy requirements are very high. If there is an error in the geometric accuracy, it will directly cause the measurement obtained with the machining to be out of range.

Currently, most of the CNC machinery refers to combined equipment and the precision of the assembly between its mechanical components directly affects the degree of precision of the machining of the parts that are made, so there are certain hidden dangers in the process of machining.

The constant pursuit of maximum precision is an unavoidable task in the world of CNC machining. Every micrometer matters, and every step towards perfection is crucial. By exploring how chip removal machining in the CNC era can further enhance this precision, we immerse ourselves in a world where every machine movement translates into quality and efficiency.

At the same time, the aging of machinery will also reduce the accuracy of machined parts. If the CNC machinery is used for a long time, it will cause erosion and aging of its different internal components, especially if the preventive maintenance is not adequate.

The influence of human factors

The machinery must be controlled by staff. The incorrect or irregular operation of the employees  will affect the final precision of the machined product.

Thermal deformation factors

When the machine is working, a large amount of heat is generated due to friction with each other, and the mechanical system will be deformed by heat, which will affect the accuracy.

Thermal deformation mainly involves the structure of the machine tool, the workpiece, the clamping device and the tool. First of all, the deformation of the machine tool includes the deformation of itself and the structure.

The long-term operation of the machine tool makes  the temperature of the structure of the machine tool to increase linearly, which affects the fit between the various parts of the machine tool, and then the machining accuracy of the workpiece.

In addition, the machining process by chip removal also generates a large amount of heat, whose control is essential to obtain the required final machining precision. Due to this, today all CNC machines have internal cooling systems during the machining process, which mitigate the effects of the heat generated.

Force deformation factors

Within machining there are many factors that cause the system to be deformed. For example, machine tools, fixtures, and work pieces can generate various forces such as gravity, clamping force, and cutting force during operation.

In addition to bearing their own working pressure, the parts must also bear the forces generated by them and the friction between the equipment.

Certain elements such as tools (equipment to fix the part to be machined in the machine), clamps and tools are subject to high working pressures, and the components will move during the machining process. In addition, certain pressures between the components will cause different degrees of machining deformation, including changes in shape and position.

These deformations will affect the operation of the system and will have a certain impact in the machine´s lifetime, which will shorten its years of life and affect the accuracy of the parts.

As in the previous factor, correct preventive maintenance will increase the useful life of the CNC machine.

CNC programming factors

Scheduling properly can prevent machining errors, especially those caused by dimensional tolerance conversion.

Therefore, at the first stage of CNC programming, it is necessary to properly choose the programming origin. In addition, the programmed path cannot be ignored and its correct choice will improve the efficiency and the machining of the part. Otherwise, it will directly affect the precision of the machining.

Internal factors

The internal factors that affect the precision of the pieces are manifested mainly in the irregular installation of machinery and in the precision errors of the machining systems. If the machine tool has many defects and deficiencies, the machine will produce parts with large errors in the production process.

Machinery at Asimer Group

The Technical Department at Asimer Group collects the specifications and requirements of each customer  and we evaluate the need or not of having external suppliers. Each phase of the project is negotiated and coordinated, and logistics is managed, guaranteeing maximum compliance with the desired technical requirements.