The petrochemical sector focuses its efforts on the transformation of crude oil and natural gas into useful products or raw materials. These petrochemical products have become, over the last decades, a fundamental part of the current chemical industry throughout the world.
The petrochemical industry is dedicated to obtaining petroleum derivatives and their associated gases. Petrochemical products include all those chemical substances that are derived from them. The vast majority of petrochemicals are made from a relatively small number of hydrocarbons, including methane, propane, butane, ethane, and aromatics such as benzene, toluene, and xylene.
The petrochemical industry is based on providing the necessary knowledge and mechanisms for the production of petrochemical products and fossil fuels, such as gasoline, diesel, kerosene and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG). This science also has an important branch in the production of fertilizers, herbicides, pesticides, asphalt, synthetic fibers, and the manufacture of different plastics. Gloves, paints, and many other everyday products are part of petrochemical production.
Refineries are the facilities where the processes for obtaining petrochemical products are carried out and these processes are based on the physical and chemical changes of hydrocarbons. The basic process for separating oil and natural gas into various lighter compounds is known as cracking (molecules are split).
The combination of basic petrochemical products and different chemical compounds make it possible to obtain intermediate petrochemicals such as methanol-based resins (used to manufacture rubber, plastics, lubricants and detergents), polyurethanes (used in the manufacture of plastics and mattresses) and acetaldehydes (from which perfumes, flavorings and others are obtained).
The petrochemical industry requires important security control measures to avoid potential environmental damage since its processes are mostly polluting and have a high environmental impact.
Since its foundation, Asimer Group has always participated in important projects within the chemical and petrochemical market, either with products that require special coatings (stellite and/or Inconel 625 overlay), or in the machining of exigent valve components.